The operation can be performed under general or local anesthesia. A discussion between the patient and the surgeon will decide the choice between these two techniques. Depending on the corrections being made, the procedure can last from two to four hours.
The required skin incisions are mainly hidden beneath the hair at the temples and nape of the neck, as well as around the ears. In this way, the scar is almost entirely concealed. The skin is lifted in accordance with the slackening of the tissues. Muscles are then precisely tightened while preserving facial expression.
If necessary, liposuction is performed simultaneously to refine the neck, chin, and jowls. The excess skin is then removed and the incisions are carefully closed.
The dressing and drains are removed the following morning.
Bruising and most of the swelling will disappear within two weeks following surgery. Risks include infection, hematoma, a weakening of facial muscles, numbness, or skin necrosis. These risks are, however, very rare, occurring less than 1% of the time.
A facelift provides significant rejuvenation. It can be combined with a browlift to correct drooping eyebrows, or with blepharoplasty, which removes excess skin or fat around the eyelids.
Some patients may benefit from a mini lift. This operation is shorter than a conventional facelift and leaves fewer scars. However, it is not for all patients and a prior assessment is necessary before moving ahead.